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Disaster Ministry

Disaster Ministry

 

Throughout its history, Haiti has suffered cyclone, hurricane, tropical storms, torrential rains, floods and earthquakes.

The hurricane season in Haiti lasts from June to the end of November.

 

The following is a non-exhaustive list of natural disasters which have struck Haiti

 

The natural disasters that have been hit Haiti

  • 1684, earthquake;
  • 1691, earthquake
  • 1751, earthquake

June 3, 1816: Earthquake at Port-au-Prince and areas to the south. The city and towns were destroyed


November 18-19, 1841
, cyclone caused considerable damage in the countryside of Ouest department and in the Gulf of Lagonaves

May 7, earthquake at Cap-Haitian and throughout the north. The town of Cap-Haitian was destroyed along with the towns of Port de Paix, Gonaives and Fort Liberte, and many towns in the Dominican Republic were affected.

September 23, 1887: Earthquake in the western region of Haiti.

In 1904, earthquake in the north of the country. Port de Paix and Cap-Haitian were severely affected.

November 12, 1909: Cyclone in Ouest departement. Around 150 victims were counted in Plaine de culte de sac alone.

August 12, 1915: Cyclone on the southern peninsula, which devastated Jacmel and Jeremie.

October 21, 1935: hurricane in Sud and Sud-Est departements. 2,000 people perished.

In 1946:Earthquake in the northeast Dominican Republicaccompanied by a tsunami in the region of nagua. Haiti was also affected.

October 27, 1952: earthquake at Anse-A-Veau in Grand’Anse killed 6 and rendered thousands homeless.

October 11-12, 1954: Hurricane Azelaffected every part of Haiti. At more than 249 km/h, the hurricane devastated the country, killing several thousand people.

October 3, 1963: Hurricane struck the Sud and Ouest departements, causing over 5,000 deaths.

November 14: Flooding of the Grande Riviere du Nord killed almost 500 people.

August 24, 1964: Hurricane Celohit the south coast, especially the Cayes-Jacmel region, causing 192 deaths.

September 29, 1966: Hurricane Anez devastated, at more than 170 km/h, the Sud and Ouest departements

  • Earthquake

January 6, 1976: 8.6 Earthquake at Port au Prince the city was affected. USGS has not recorded the event. Before the earthquake in the area of the epicenter, light cones and bright round balls that were flying appeared in the night sky according to the testimonies.

May 20: Floods in the Cayes-Jacmel region. 20 people lost presumed dead, considerable property damage.

August 5, 1980: Hurricane Allen, at more than 270 km/h, struck the south coast, especially the Cayes-Jacmel region, causing approximately 200 deaths.

  • Atlantic hurricane season

10 June 10, 1984: floods at port de Paix

June 1, 1986: Floods in the Cayes-Jacmel region. 20,000 hectares of land were flooded and several thousand homes damaged.

October 23: flooding at Ile de la Gonave 31 killed, 906 homeless, more than 380 houses destroyed or damaged.

April 27, 1987: flooding at Port de Paix

May 8: Flooding at Thiotte in Sud-Est departement and in the Delmas and Caradeux neighbourhoods of Port au Prince.

January 27, 1988: Flooding in the Nord-Ouest departement.

 June 20: Flooding in L’Estere in the Artibonite department

September 11: Hurricane Gilbert devastated the south coast, particularly the Anse-A-Veau, Camp-Perrin, Cavaillon, Cayes, Ile A Vache, Jacmel, Jeremie, Kenscoff and Port-Salut regions.

 October 8: Flooding in the Plaine de Leogane

February 23, 1989: flooding in Ile de Lagonave. 4,945 familles affected, 1,527 houses destroyed and 1640 damaged.

12 and 13 November 1994: Hurricane Gordon crossed Sud-Est departement and the southern peninsula, causing flooding and approximately 2,000 deaths and disappearances.

September 23, 1998: Hurricane Georges devastated the Sud-Est and Nord-Ouest departements, causing 147 deaths, 34 serious injuries, 40 disappearances, and 167,500 displaced.

May 24-27, 2002: Flooding on the southern peninsula. The town of Camp-Perrin and the settlements of L’Asile and Anse-A- Veau were worst affected by the tropical Storms. 31 dead, 14 disappeared and more than 7,000 displaced in the dans le Sud departement.

May 23-23, 2004: Torrential rains which pounded the south-east of Haiti during the night caused 1,232 deaths, 1,443 disappearances and 31,130 displaced persons. Mapou (Belle-Anse)with 432 dead, Bodary with 350 dead and Fonds-Verrettes with 237 victims, all located in Sud-Est departement, were the places most badly hit.
The gravity of this situation led the interim government of Boniface and Latortue to declare Friday 28 May a day of national mourning.

September 10: Hurricane Ivan struck the southern peninsula and west coast, causing serious damage in several areas due to flooding.

September 18-19: Hurricane Jeanne crossed the western section of Haiti and the Artibonite, causing flooding which killed 1,870. In addition: 2,620 injured, 846 disappeared and 300,000 displaced. With more than 3,000 dead, Gonaives was the most seriously affected city.

July 10, 2005: Hurricane Denis at 16:15 UTC.

July 6-7, 2005: Hurricane Denis touched the south-east coast of Haiti, causing flooding in several towns in Sud (Bainet, Grand-Goave, Les Cayes…) and leaving more than 500 homeless.

October 4: Floods in several parts of the country, including Petion-Ville and Grand-Goave in Ouest departement, where the high water caused considerable loss of property. The government did not make a final accounting of this catastrophe.

October 17-17: Hurricane Wilna struck the west and south of Haiti.

October 23: tropical Strom Alpha crossed the south peninsula, affecting the departements of Grand-Anse and Nippes.

October 25: Flooding caused by torrential rain hit many parts of the Nord-Ouest departement, particularly the settlements of Port de Paix, Bassin-Bleu, Anse-A-Foleur and Saint-Louis du Nord.

November 22-23, 2006: heavy rain caused flooding in Grand’Anse, Nippes and Nord-Ouest departements, causing damage to roadways including the collapse of a bridge across Ravine Sable at Trou-Bombon

March 17, 2007: floods caused by rain and storms hit a large part of Haiti for over a week. Six departements were particularly affected:

Grand’Anse: Jeremie, Abricots, Bombon, Les Irois

  • Sud-Est : Jacmel
  • Ouest : Cite Soleil, Delmas, Port au Prince (Carrefour-Feuille, Canapé Vert)
  • Nord-Ouest : Port de Paix, Saint-Louis du Nord, Anse-A- Foleur
  • Nord: Cap-Haitian
  • Nord-Est : Ferrier, Ouanaminthe.
  • May 8-9: torrential rain, causing considerable damage in several regions of the country, in particular in the Nord, Nord-Est and Sud departements. The town of Ouanaminthe was particularly hard hit and the bridge between Ouanaminthe and Dajabon which links Haiti to the Dominican Republic was severely damaged.

Trajectory of Hurricane Hanna in 2008, prior to its extra-tropical transition

August 16, 2008: Tropical Storm Fay crossed the entire country.

August 26: Hurricane Gustav crosses the south peninsula, including the Sud and Grand’Anse departements, causing approximately 77 deaths and 8 disappearances, together with serious destruction of property. 15,000 families were affected by the storm, which destroyed 3,000 houses and damaged 11,458.

082812 (Gary Coronado/The Palm Beach Post) — Wellington — Aerial of flooding caused by Tropical Storm Isaac near Lake Worth Road and South Shore Blvd. in Wellington in Western Palm Beach County on Tuesday. (Gary Coronado/The Palm Beach Post)

September 1: Hurricane Hanna ravaged the Artibonite and Nord-Est departements. Several towns were flooded, including Gonaives one death was officially confirmed. In addition to Gonaïves, several towns in Jacmel, Nord-Est, Sud and Sud-Est were flooded.

September 6: Hurricane Ike, a category 4 hurricane, grazed the western coastline of Haiti, leading to heavy rain in Nord, Ouest and Nord-Ouest departements.

October 20, 2009: heavy rain in the Cap-Haitian and its suburbs. Carrefour, in the southern suburbs, was completely flooded.

January 12, 2010: the magnitude 7.0 in 2010 Haiti earthquake which occurred on 12 at 16:53, local time. The earthquake killed between 46,000 and 316,000 people. Its epicentre was at approximately 25 km from Port au Prince, the capital. A dozen secondary shocks of magnitudes ranging from 5.0 to 5.9 were registered during the hours which followed.

January 20: A second earthquake of magnitude 6.1 occurred on 20 January 2010 at 06:03 local time. Its epicentre was at approximately 59 km west of Port-au-Prince, and at least 10 km beneath the surface.

October 20: A Cholera epidemic hit outside of Port-au-Prince, killing at least 3,597 and sickening over 340,000.

November 5: Hurricane Tomas hits and kills at least 10 Haitians causing damage and worsening the cholera epidemic.

October 3-4, 2016: Hurricane Matthews hits Haiti with catastrophic flooding of up to 40 inches and storm surge of up to 10 feet.At least 580 people were killed and more than 35,000 left homeless by the storm.

October 6, 2018: A 5.9 magnitude earthquake with a depth of 11.7 km  occurred at 20:11 local time killing 12 people and injuring 188. Damage was mainly recorded in the far north of the island as stated by the Prime Minister Jean Henry Ceant.

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